Geography Curriculum



As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

Geography Rationale


Through exploring the world together at Farnborough, we aim to raise awareness and inspire our children with a curiosity and an ability to ask questions of our planet and its inhabitants. Through the development of knowledge and skills, children are encouraged to develop a greater understanding and knowledge of the world, as well as their place in it.

The children will gain knowledge of the physical side of the Earth’s natural features such as mountains, deserts, rivers and oceans. They will learn about human geography including the impact that humans have had on the world and how the natural world has affected them.

Environmental issues will be taught, preparing the children to understand and formulate their own ideas regarding sustainable development.

A range of localities will be studied from the local area to contrasting localities both in our own country and abroad.  


The geography curriculum at Farnborough is based upon the 2014 Primary National Curriculum in England, which provides a broad framework and outlines the knowledge and skills and taught in each Key Stage.

Geography is taught in blocks throughout the year, so that children can achieve depth in their learning. Teachers have identified the key knowledge and skills of each blocked topic and consideration has been given to ensure progression across topics throughout each year group across the school. Children’s interests should be followed when teaching geography to ensure their learning is engaging, broad and balanced.

Geography provides many opportunities for an enquiry based approach and investigative work. Therefore, lessons have an open ended key question which the children may answer, using a variety of geographical skills and general learning styles.

At Farnborough, we recognise the importance that fieldwork in educational visits plays in developing the children as geographers and learners. We utilise the local area as well as having experts who come into the school. This enables the children to deepen their knowledge and understanding of the subject through first-hand experiences.


The impact will be that the children at Farnborough are equipped with geographical skills that will enable them to be ready for the curriculum at Key Stage 3 and for life as an adult in the wider world.
All children at Farnborough will have:

  • A greater geographical knowledge and understanding
  • A wider range of enquiry and mapping skills
  • Knowledge of geographical vocabulary
  • High aspirations
  • An enjoyment and enthusiasm about their local area and the wider world around them


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